3 questões de Leitura do SAT comentadas

As questões de Leitura do SAT podem ser divididas em 5 tipos diferentes e avaliam habilidades distintas dos estudantes. A recomendação da College Board, organização que formula a prova, é de que se adote uma abordagem holística e que se foque apenas em ler as passagens da melhor maneira possível. Porém, conhecer a estrutura das questões é bastante importante. Pensando nisso, trouxemos aqui 3 perguntas para te apresentar ao formato dessa seção. Vamos lá?

3 questões de Leitura do SAT comentadas

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Para as questões, vamos levar em conta a passagem a seguir, adaptada do livro “Ethan Frome”, da autora Edith Wharton, que foi publicado originalmente em 1911. Ela é um pouco longa, mas é justamente o tamanho de texto que você vai encontrar nas questões de Leitura do SAT:

Mattie Silver had lived under Ethan’s roof for a year, and from early morning till they met at supper he had frequent chances of seeing her; but no moments in her company were comparable to those when, her arm in his, and her light step flying to keep time with his long stride, they walked back through the night to the farm. He had taken to the girl from the first day, when he had driven over to the Flats to meet her, and she had smiled and waved to him from the train, crying out, “You must be Ethan!” as she jumped down with her bundles, while he reflected, looking over her slight person: “She don’t look much on housework, but she ain’t a fretter, anyhow.” But it was not only that the coming to his house of a bit of hopeful young life was like the lighting of a fire on a cold hearth. The girl was more than the bright serviceable creature he had thought her. She had an eye to see and an ear to hear: he could show her things and tell her things, and taste the bliss of feeling that all he imparted left long reverberations and echoes he could wake at will.

It was during their night walks back to the farm that he felt most intensely the sweetness of this communion. He had always been more sensitive than the people about him to the appeal of natural beauty. His unfinished studies had given form to this sensibility and even in his unhappiest moments field and sky spoke to him with a deep and powerful persuasion. But hitherto the emotion had remained in him as a silent ache, veiling with sadness the beauty that evoked it. He did not even know whether any one else in the world felt as he did, or whether he was the sole victim of this mournful privilege. Then he learned that one other spirit had trembled with the same touch of wonder: that at his side, living under his roof and eating his bread, was a creature to whom he could say: “That’s Orion down yonder; the big fellow to the right is Aldebaran, and the bunch of little ones—like bees swarming—they’re the Pleiades…” or whom he could hold entranced before a ledge of granite thrusting up through the fern while he unrolled the huge panorama of the ice age, and the long dim stretches of succeeding time. The fact that admiration for his learning mingled with Mattie’s wonder at what he taught was not the least part of his pleasure. And there were other sensations, less definable but more exquisite, which drew them together with a shock of silent joy: the cold red of sunset behind winter hills, the flight of cloud-flocks over slopes of golden stubble, or the intensely blue shadows of hemlocks on sunlit snow. When she said to him once: “It looks just as if it was painted!” it seemed to Ethan that the art of definition could go no farther, and that words had at last been found to utter his secret soul….

As he stood in the darkness outside the church these memories came back with the poignancy of vanished things. Watching Mattie whirl down the floor from hand to hand he wondered how he could ever have thought that his dull talk interested her. To him, who was never gay but in her presence, her gaiety seemed plain proof of indifference. The face she lifted to her dancers was the same which, when she saw him, always looked like a window that has caught the sunset. He even noticed two or three gestures which, in his fatuity, he had thought she kept for him: a way of throwing her head back when she was amused, as if to taste her laugh before she let it out, and a trick of sinking her lids slowly when anything charmed or moved her.

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Edith Wharton, a autora, em 1905

Questão 1

Over the course of the passage, the main focus of the narrative shifts from the…

A. reservations a character has about a person he has just met to a growing appreciation that character has of the person’s worth.
B. ambivalence a character feels about his sensitive nature to the character’s recognition of the advantages of having profound emotions.
C. intensity of feeling a character has for another person to the character’s concern that that intensity is not reciprocated.
D. value a character attaches to the wonders of the natural world to a rejection of that sort of beauty in favor of human artistry.

Essa pergunta avalia se você entendeu o contexto geral da passagem. Esse é um dos tipos das questões de Leitura do SAT. Nesse caso, a alternativa C é a melhor resposta. O primeiro parágrafo traça o início dos sentimentos de Ethan por Mattie: ele “havia levado a garota desde o primeiro dia” e a via “como a iluminação de um fogo em uma lareira fria”. O segundo parágrafo se concentra nas “caminhadas noturnas de volta à fazenda” e a alegria de Ethan em perceber que esse “outro espírito… tremeu com o mesmo toque de admiração”. Em outras palavras, o foco principal dos dois primeiros parágrafos é a intensidade do sentimento que um personagem, Ethan, tem por outro, Mattie. 

O último parágrafo alterna o foco da passagem para a mudança de percepção de Ethan. Ele vê Mattie em um ambiente social, interagindo com outros homens, e se pergunta “como ele poderia ter pensado que sua conversa chata a interessava”. Nisso, o personagem interpreta a aparente felicidade de Mattie como “prova clara de indiferença” em relação a ele, e vê traição nos “dois ou três gestos que, em sua fantasia, ele pensava que ela mantinha para ele”.

Questão 2

In the context of the passage, the author’s use of the phrase “her light step flying to keep time with his long stride” (first paragraph) is primarily meant to convey the idea that…

A. Ethan and Mattie share a powerful enthusiasm.
B. Mattie strives to match the speed at which Ethan works.
C. Mattie and Ethan playfully compete with each other.
D. Ethan walks at a pace that frustrates Mattie.

Essa é uma pergunta de “Função”, um dos tipos de questões de Leitura do SAT. Essas questões querem saber que efeito um detalhe tem sobre o texto.

No caso dessa questão, em específico, a opção A é a melhor resposta. A autora usa a frase principalmente para introduzir um tópico discutido detalhadamente no segundo parágrafo – ou seja, a crescente conexão que Ethan vê florescer com Mattie ao longo de muitos passeios noturnos durante os quais eles compartilham sentimentos semelhantes pelas maravilhas do mundo natural. No contexto da passagem, a frase evoca uma imagem de duas pessoas caminhando com avidez e em harmonia.

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Questão 3

The description in the first paragraph indicates that what Ethan values most about Mattie is her…

A. fitness for farm labor.
B. vivacious youth.
C. receptive nature.
D. freedom from worry.

Esse é um exemplo de pergunta de inferência, outro dos tipos de questões de Leitura do SAT. Essas perguntas pedem que você interprete o significado de uma linha, de um parágrafo ou de toda a passagem. Esse significado nunca será muito subjetivo ou ambíguo, pois só pode haver uma resposta correta.

Sendo assim, a alternativa C é a melhor resposta para essa pergunta. O texto menciona muitos dos traços de Mattie: ela é amigável (“smiled and waved“), ávida (“jumped down with her bundles“), descontraída (“she ain’t a fretter“) e animada (“like the lighting of a fire on a cold hearth”). 

No entanto, a característica que mais agrada a Ethan, como mencionado no último parágrafo, é sua abertura ao mundo ao seu redor: “She had an eye to see and an ear to hear: he could show her things and tell her things, and taste the bliss of feeling that all he imparted left long reverberations and echoes he could wake at will”.

Intercâmbio com a UDI

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Lucas Almeida

Lucas Almeida

Mineiro, jornalista e mestrando em Comunicação. Entusiasta de idiomas, viagens e cibercultura. Tem o sonho de mudar o mundo, uma pauta de cada vez.